DECLARATION AND CONVENTIONS:
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. According to article 19 “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.” Shortly after the acceptance of this document, one of the places where human rights and freedom of speech is violated the most, Europe at the time being the landfill of two world wars began reorganizing and creating a new legal system.
INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS
Was adopted and opened for signature by United Nations in December 16, 1966; came into effect in 1976. Azerbaijan joined the Covenant in August 1992. According to article 19:
“1. Everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference.
2. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice…”
EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Accepted on 4th November of 1950 article 10 of this convention states: “Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.” Thus, superiority of this right is recognized in an international scale. In December 2001 Azerbaijan ratified the Convention and the laws came into effect within the country in April 15 2002. On that day and forward Azerbaijani government and citizens obtained the right to appeal to the European Court of Human Rights.
EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON TRANSFRONTIER TELEVISION
The Convention was accepted by UN on 5th of May 1989 and entry into force on 1st of May 1993.
DECLARATİONS AND RECOMMENDATİONS OF THE COMMİTTEE OF MİNİSTERS TO MEMBER STATES
Declaration Decl-26.05.2010 on enhanced participation of member states in Internet governance matters – Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
Recommendation CM/Rec(2009)5 on measures to protect children against harmful content and behaviour and to promote their active participation in the new information and communications environment (8 July 2009).
Recommendation Rec(2001)8 on self-regulation concerning cyber content (self-regulation and user protection against illegal or harmful content on new communications and information services) (5 September 2001).
Recommendation No. R (94) 3 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the promotion of education and awareness in the area of copyright and neighbouring rights concerning creativity. (5 April 1994)
Recommendation R(80)1 on sports and television (24 January 1980).
RECOMMENDATIONS AND RESOLUTIONS OF THE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY:
Recommendation 1702 (2005) “Freedom of the press and the working conditions of journalists in conflict zones”
Resolution 1003 (1993) “The ethics of journalism”
Resolution 428 (1970) “Declaration on mass communication media and human rights”